Mr. Ekeocha disclosed that there are about six states in Nigeria that still practice female genital mutilation, including Imo State, stressing that UNICEF and NOA decided to move the sensitization.. The practice is most prevalent in the southwestern (Yoruba-speaking region) and southeastern (Igbo-speaking region) parts of Nigeria at 47.5 percent and 49 percent of women cut, respectively.3 The states with the highest prevalence of the practice are Osun (76.6 percent) and Ebonyi (74.2 percent)
1.1.1 Fear of persecution or serious harm by non-state agents because: (a) the person will be subjected to female genital mutilation (FGM); or (b) the person is the parent of a minor child who is opposed to the procedure in a place where there is a real risk of it being carried out. 1.2 Points to not Updated October 21, 2016 09:06 BST. Thousands of girls in Nigeria are still subjected to female genital mutilation in spite of laws banning the practice, a rights group has claimed. The report was. According to UNICEF, five states in Nigeria have high rates of FGM/C that are more than 60 per cent, with Osun and Ebonyi leading at 77 and 74 per cent respectively, according to the 2013 National.. Female genital mutilation (FGM), also known as Female Genital Cutting (FGC) in Nigeria accounts for the most female genital cutting/mutilation (FGM/C) cases worldwide. The practice is customarily a family tradition that the young female of the age 0-15 would experience. It is a procedure that involves partial or completely removing the external females genitalia or other injury to the female.
Ogun, Cross River, Osun, Rivers and Bayelsa states have also banned the practice since 1999. Most anti-FGM/FGC groups are focusing their energies at the state and local government levels. IAC/Nigeria is pursuing a state by state strategy to criminalize the practice in all 36 states About 20 million women and girls in Nigeria have undergone female genital mutilation, 10% of the global total, according to a comprehensive report released on Tuesday.. Many Nigerian girls are cut. Female circumcision, the partial or total cutting away of the external female genitalia, has been practiced for centuries in parts of Africa, generally as one element of a rite of passage preparing young girls for womanhood and marriage. Often performed without anesthetic under septic conditions by lay practitioners with little or no knowledge of human anatomy or medicine Edo State - Prohibition of Female Genital Mutilation Law (1999) Enugu State - FGM (Prohibition) Law (2004) Rivers State - Child Rights Act (2009) At the time of writing, the VAPP Act has not yet been implemented across all states of Nigeria an . As a practice, FGM has a history which predated the coming of Christianity and Islam in Africa. Orenuga (1997) believes the FGM in Nigeria may be traced back over 500 years ago. The practice of FGM has subsisted in many cultures where it i
Lubanzadio Mavatikua, Paul Komba, Zhuzhi Moore, and Dennis Matanda. 2020. Female genital mutilation/cutting in Nigeria: Is the practice declining? A descriptive analysis of successive demographic and health surveys and multiple indicator cluster surveys (2003-2017). Evidence to End FGM/C: Research to Help Girls and Women Thrive According to a 2002 World Health Organization's Study, about 60% of the Nigerians total female population have undergone one form of female Genital mutilation or the other. Also a 2001 United Nations development Systems Study reported that 32.7 million Nigeria women have been affected by the same practice
. In many parts of Nigeria, especially the southern part of the country, mutilation of the female genitals, is still prevalent Girl, 13, dies after circumcision in Ogun - The Sun Nigeria ADVERTISEMEN Nigeria is failing to enforce a much heralded ban on female genital mutilation, activists said on Friday, as they urged the country to sort out a messy patchwork of laws and beef up efforts to. Nigeria: A Mother's Fight Against Female Circumcision. 30 May 2018. This Day (Lagos) For protecting her daughters from the archaic and outlawed tradition of circumcision, Chiemelie Ezeobi writes. Costly and Esther are part of the estimated 20 million women and girls that have undergone female genital mutilation and cutting (FGMC) in Nigeria. As of 2016-17 the number of women who have.
Despite Outlaw, Female Genital Mutilation Persists. In what seems a prevalent ordeal for women in Africa, the story of genital mutilation among female children and its stoppage is still farfetched. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is an awkward cultural practice by some African tribes performed on women with hope to curtail their high sexual. According to the 2018 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey, female circumcision occurs mostly during infancy; and 86 percent of women age 15-49 were circumcised at less than age five in Nigeria Abuja, Nigeria. May 23rd, 2017 - Today marks the United Nations Day to End Obstetric Fistula worldwide. The day is meant to raise awareness on obstetric fistula and mobilize support around the globe. This year's theme is hope, healing, and dignity for all. Although Obstetric Fistula, a hole between the birth canal and the bladder or rectum, Linking Female Genital Mutilation (FGM.
The United Nations Population Fund, UNFPA, in its report on FGM, said that Osun State still ranked highest in the prevalence of Female Genital Mutilation practice in Nigeria with over 76.3 per cent A.Female Circumcision/Female Genital Mutilation FC/FGM is a practice which involves a procedure of partial or total removal of the external part of female genital organ or other injury to female genitalia for cultural, religious or some other non-therapeutic purposes (WHO 2007, Ibekwe, et al. 2012:117). FGM has been defined by medical experts. FGM is an old traditional practice and investigations revealed that in some parts of Nigeria it is still being practiced, making it one of the 27 countries in Africa where FGM is still being celebrated. FGM is an invasive and painful surgical procedure that is often performed without anesthetic on the girl-child before puberty
The persistence of female genital mutilation (FGM), which is a form of violence against women, has become a global concern.2 FGM is a threat to the reproductive health of women and girls in Oyo state, Nigeria despite the domestication of the VAPP Act in 2016.3 With a prevalence of 67.9% and being the 3rd highest state in Nigeria with a hig The expert added that Infibulations, which is the total removal of the clitoris and stitching of the vagina to allow small hole for urination, was the most common in Nasarawa State, with 22 per cent, Kaduna State has 21 per cent and Bayelsa State with 20 per cent Enyiazu disclosed the practice was higher among women whose mothers were circumcised, adding: The higher the level of education of. The United Nations Population Fund on Thursday said that Osun State still recorded highest prevalence of Female Genital Mutilation in Nigeria with over 76.3 per cent.. Mrs Damilola Obinna, a. Female Genital Mutilation in Nigeria With an increasing population in Nigeria of approximately 186 million of which female population is approx. 91.8 million, FGM practices also tend to increase with prevalence rate varying (north east 2.9%, north central 9.9%, north west 20.7%, south west 47.5%, south east 49.0%, south south 25.8% ) 17
According to a 2015 Vanguard report, it was noted that six Nigerian states are involved in this unhealthy act of female genital mutilation and most times the equipment used endangers the health of the person concerned because they are sterilized and crude. Female genital mutilation or female genital cutting is of four types The United Nations Children Education Fund (UNICEF) says female genital mutilation (FGM) is on the increase in Ekiti State and has reached an alarming rate of about 72 percent.. Aderonke Olutayo, UNICEF Consultant on female genital mutilation for Ekiti, Osun and Oyo States said female children between the ages of zero and 14 years are the victims
Christian Today. 10 June 2015. Monica Cantilero.Female Genital Mutilation Still a Problem in Nigeria Despite New Law Banning It. [Accessed 22 Dec. 2015] Daily Independent [Lagos]. 25 May 2015. Nigeria: New Nigerian Law Outlaws Female Circumcision, Forceful Ejection of Widows. [Accessed 11 Jan. 2016] The Guardian [Lagos]. 19 November 2015 The United States is committed to ending female genital mutilation or cutting (FGM/C). If you believe you are at risk of FGM/C, know of someone at risk of FGM/C, have questions about FGM/C, or have undergone FGM/C and need help or further information, please contact the number below Nigeria still struggles to stamp out the practice of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) within its borders. This is despite the well-known harmful effects that it has on girls and women. Almost 25% of females aged between 15 and 49 have undergone FGM. That's about 20 million individuals—the highest number of any country in the world This is coming after many years of practice of Female Genital Mutilation in different areas of Nigeria and Africa at large. Though Nigeria is not abolishing such practice it is likely that some places in Africa or Nigeria, in particular, could still have the practice in place to date despite the public campaign against it by most NGOs and Government agencies
6 The National FGM/C Elimination Programme that has been put in place is coordinated by a multi- sectoral National Technical Working Group (chaired by the Ministry of Health) and supported by the UNFPA-UNICEF Joint Programme to end FGM (UNJP).17 Nigeria became part of the UNJP in 2014, partnering with federal ministries and state-level departments in Ebonyi, Ekiti, Imo, Lagos, Osun an The poll also evaluated the support of Nigerians for Female Circumcision and the results show that most of the respondents surveyed (88 percent) say they are not in support of the practice in the. Other places where female genital mutilation is practiced include Ethiopia, The Gambia, Indonesia, Kenya, Malaysia, Mali, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, and Yemen. Female genital mutilation differs greatly from the common practice of male circumcision, as female genital mutilation has no health benefits, is far more invasive, and causes later health. How FGM/C Affects the Economic Growth of Women and Girls in Nigeria. FGM/C is a practice which affects not just the health of every woman and girl, but also impacts her economic growth and development. In Nigeria, FGM/C serves as a precursor to child marriage. Girls are mutilated to keep them pure and chaste for the men who intend to marry them February 15, 2019. While Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) has been declared illegal in some African countries, it still persists. Patrick Egwu in Nigeria, Annie Njanja in Kenya and Mamadou Lamine Ba in Senegal explored what was being done in their countries to stop this age-old discriminatory practice
In Resolution 65/170, Member States clearly stated that female genital mutilation should be used to refer to this harmful practice. In the late 1990s the term female genital cutting was introduced, partly in response to dissatisfaction with the term female genital mutilation In international law, there is a consensus that female genital mutilation is a human rights violation that needs to be criminalised and eradicated by all states. International human rights instruments to that effect include global and regional treaties, conventions, protocols, declarations, resolutions and recommendations such as CEDAW Committee General Recommendation No. 14 (1990),: 11 Maputo. Major findings revealed that high percentage of women almost half of the women studied 46.3% still practice female genital mutilation in the studied rural communities. The strongest social factors that preserves the practice of female genital mutilation were the belief that it controls sexual desires and promiscuity among women - mean =3.23. Therefore, these personnel would continue to fuel the fire of female genital mutilation in these affected places. Religio-sociocultural reasons are being used to fuel the fire of FGM in cities, towns. and villages in Western Nigeria - then it will be a futile effort to fight against female genital mutilation The organisation noted that while Female Genital Mutilation is illegal in Nigeria and the call for the elimination of the practice since 2016, by the wife of the President, Aisha Buhari, the practice is still ongoing in some parts of the state, calling on the state government to intervene to bring an end to the heinous practice
Circumcision occurs for a number of cultural reasons, such as religion, tradition, preserving virginity, and cultural identification. However, the practice of severe forms of female circumcision is now proven to be a great health risk, and the women of the societies that still practice female circumcision risk severe health problems Combating the Practice of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) and its Multiplier Effects on Women in Six Selected Communities of the Three Senatorial Districts of Kwara State, Nigeria was undertaken to measure and evaluate the impacts of communication strategies in combating the practice of female genital mutilation (FGM) Some states in Nigeria still knee deep in this inhumane practice are; Nassarawa, Kaduna Osun, Oyo, Bayelsa, Ekiti, Imo and Ebonyi. Women over the years have been manipulated and mentally poisoned into thinking it is a thing of honour and they see uncircumcised women as immoral and unclean Hassan Hafez, a barber, mimics the way he used to perform female genital mutilation in Nigeria. R. Activists in Nigeria are pushing for a systemic cultural shift to end the practice of female genital mutilation despite the enactment of a law last month banning the harmful procedure
Annotations Nahid Toubia M.D., Female Circumcision as a Public Health Issue, New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 331, no. 11, pages 712-716, (1994).It does include a bibliography. This article examines the practice of female genital mutilation, describing the different types of procedures used. The article describes the unique medical needs of women who have underg In Nigeria, 25 per cent of women and girls, aged 15-49, have undergone some form of FGM. 27% of women aged 15-49 in Nigeria have undergone some form of FGM. Created with Highcharts 4.0.3. Less than 15% 15 - 34% 35 - 54% 55% and more. 27% of women aged 15-49 in Nigeria have undergone some form of FGM To determine the level of knowledge, belief, and assess the attitude to female genital mutilation (FGM) and its complications in Shao community, Nigeria, a cross-sectional descriptive study with a health education intervention was used. A majority of respondents (99.5%) understood female circumcision to mean cutting off parts of the female. Coincidentally, Nigeria is one of the countries where the practice of female genital mutilation or circumcision (FGM/C) still takes place. However, there have been claims of reduction in the rate of FGM/C as a result of campaigns and sensitization programmes on the effects of this harmful practice which incidentally has no scientifically proven. Elimination of Female Genital Circumcision in Nigeria. The practice of FGM is widespread covering practically every state of the Federation though in varying magnitude from infancy to adulthood. Some socio-cultural determinants have been identified as supporting this avoidable practice. It has not been possible to determine when or where the.
It constitutes a violation of women's fundamental human rights and threats to bodily integrity. Though decreasing, the practice is high and widespread in Nigeria despite efforts towards its eradication. This study was conducted to perform cohort analysis of the state of FGC between the years 2009 and 2018 in Nigeria Female genital mutilation in Southeast Nigeria: A survey on the current knowledge and practice Ibekwe Perpetus C.*, Onoh Robinson C, Onyebuchi Azubike K., Ezeonu Paul O. and Ibekwe Rosemary O. Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Federal Medical Centre, Abakaliki, Ebonyi State. Accepted 9 April, 201 Three major forms of female genital mutilation are practiced in Nigeria: female circumcision, Gishiri cut and hymenectomy. Female circumcision refers to partial or total removal of the female external genitalia (prepuce, clitoris, labia minora, and labia majora). Various forms of this practice exist, and the following classification, described.
He said, Quantifying the extent of female genital mutilation in my part of Cross River state, especially Yala local government area at the moment, I can say while I was growing up, every female was cut, but things would have changed tremendously now. Then, the practice was 100 per cent 160 THE INTERNATIONAL LAWYER in the Arabian Peninsula, including Egypt, are equally alarming.3 The World Health Organization's (WHO) estimate is much more conservative.4 In Egypt alone, seven out of ten girls are still circumcised,5 and as many as 4,000 girls are circumcised daily.6 In countries that practice female circumcision,7 there i By Maxwell Jelil Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is illegal in Nigeria, but in parts of Kwara State, it is still ongoing. A non governmental organisation, Kick Against Genital Multiple ( KAGM) is.
Third, Dr Ojior's article did not point out the fact that official federal and state government policies and laws in Nigeria forbid the practice of female genital mutilation. Even before he became the minister of health in Nigeria, the Late Professor Olukoye Ransome Kuti, had advocated against female genital mutilation Circumcision practitioners under the aegis of Circumcision Descendants Association of Nigeria (CDAN) had gathered to make public their resolve to stop the age-long practice following the signing into law a bill criminalising female circumcision in the country by then President Goodluck Jonathan
Countries With The Highest Rates Of FGM/C . Somalia is the leading country in FGM with 98% of women between the ages of 15 and 49 years undergoing the practice. Guinea, Djibouti, and Egypt also have more than 90% of their women between the same ages going for circumcision.However, Egypt has the highest number of women who have undergone FGM with a total of 27.2 million women followed by. Despite this decline, millions of girls and women are still faced with the scourge of genital mutilation every year in Nigeria. There is, therefore, an urgent need for decision makers and political leaders to take concrete action towards ending the harmful practice of FGM in Nigeria, said Mohamed Fall, UNICEF Country representative Female Genital Mutilation is still practiced around the world. This year, a mother from Uganda was sentenced to 11-years' imprisonment for carrying out female genital mutilation (FGM) on her 3-year old daughter in the United Kingdom. FGM is a harmful practice against women and girls and has been banned in the UK since 1985 The US Department of State's Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2012 states that girls and women in Nigeria, underwent female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) at different ages, varying from the first week of life until after a woman delivered her first child, but added that most of them were circumcised before they turned one.
An image of the Sudanese flag. Sudan's sovereign council, the highest authority in the country, on Friday ratified a law criminalising female genital mutilation, the justice ministry announced The report states that with regards to prevalence, the findings revealed that majority of adult Nigerians (81 percent) stated that Female Genital Mutilation is not prevalent in Nigeria noting that on the other hand, 19 percent of the respondent disclosed that FGM is prevalent in the country Female genital mutilation (FGM) in Nigeria continues to raise the concern among young people, especially girls and women. According to the World Health Organization, female genital mutilation is defined as all procedures which involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia and/or injury to the female genital organs, whether for cultural or any other non-therapeutic reasons Female genital mutilation (FGM) and theory of promiscuity: myths, realities and prospects for change in Oworonshoki Community, Lagos State, Nigeria 1. INTRODUCTION Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) or Female Circumcision (FC) has it is a practice that is still prevailing in the country. 2.3 Causes of FG According to the 2018 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey, female circumcision occurs mostly during infancy; and 86 percent of women age 15-49 were circumcised at less than age five in Nigeria. The Chief Nursing Officer at the State Hospital, Asubiaro, Osogbo, Mrs. Adenike Mercy Makinde, told PUNCH HealthWise that in her years of practice as.